Melanoma Molecular Maps Projects

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Biomap#86

Title: Integrin heterodimers
 
Legend: Integrins (ITGs) are alpha-beta heterodimeric receptors that connect the extracellular environment with intracellular signaling events. Integrins are important for normal development and function, but are also involved in the pathogenesis of diseases including cancer, autoimmunity and heart disease. Besides cell adhesion, integrins mediate cell signaling via activation of molecular cascades such as those initiated by ILK (integrin linked kinase), FAK (focal adhesion kinase) and SFK (SRC family kinases) multifunctional intracellular effectors of cell-matrix interactions that regulates many cellular processes including growth, proliferation, survival, differentiation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis. Information on the single molecules is provided in MMMP Biomap #87 as well as in dedicated MMMP Biocards. REFERENCES: [1] McDonald PC, J Cell Sci. 2008 Oct 1;121(Pt 19):3121-32. [2] Guo W, Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 2004, 5:816-26. [3] McCall-Culbreath KD, Curr Drug Targets. 2008 Feb;9(2):139-49. CITED MOLECULES: ITGA1 (Integrin alpha 1, CD49a), ITGA2 (Integrin alpha 2, CD49b), ITGA2B (Integrin alpha 2b, platelet glycoprotein IIb, GP2B, CD41), ITGA3 (Integrin alpha 3, CD49c, VCA-2, GAPB3, galactoprotein B3, MSK18), ITGA4 (Integrin alpha 4, CD49d), ITGA5 (Integrin alpha 5, CD49e, FNRA, fibronectin receptor subunit alpha), ITGA6 (Integrin alpha 6, CD49f), ITGA7 (Integrin alpha 7, CD49g), ITGA8 (Integrin alpha 8, CD49h), ITGA9 (Integrin alpha 9, Integrin alpha, RLC), ITGA10 (Integrin alpha 10), ITGA11 (Integrin alpha 11), ITGAD (Integrin alpha D, Leukointegrin alpha D, ADB2, CD11d), ITGAE (Integrin alpha E, CD103, HML-1, human mucosal lymphocyte antigen 1), ITGAL (Integrin alpha L, CD11a), ITGAM (Integrin alpha M, CD11b, MAC-1), ITGAV (Integrin alpha V, CD51), ITGAX (Integrin alpha X, CD11c, Leu M5, leukocyte adhesion receptor p150), ITGB1 (Integrin beta 1, CD29, GPIIA), ITGB2 (Integrin beta 2, CD18), ITGB3 (Integrin beta 3, CD61, GPIIIa, platelet glycoprotein IIIa, ITGB4 (Integrin beta 4, CD104), ITGB5 (Integrin beta 5), ITGB6 (Integrin beta 6), ITGB7 (Integrin beta 7), ITGB8 (Integrin beta 8)
Author: The MMMP Team (updated: January 2009)

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